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Research comprises creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. - source

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Accident Reconstruction Research: Drunk Driving

Information | Gaze Nystagmus | Organizations


Fatality Facts - Progress has been made during the past 20 years to reduce the proportion of fatally injured drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) at or above 0.08 percent. Proportions are lower in all age groups and among vehicle drivers. There also has been a substantial decline among those with very high BACs (at or above 0.15 percent), who often are assumed to be "hard-core" drinking drivers. However, progress has stalled in recent years and alcohol-impaired driving is still a major problem.

2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009

California Drunk Driving - Advocacy, rehabilitation, and legal defense aspects of DUI and DUI laws in California. DMV resources and DUI education.

Alcohol in General - Questions and answers about BAC and other general alcohol questions.

Free Advice - What is Drunk Driving?

State Drunk Driving Table - Information about drunk driving laws and penalties in each state.

Drugs other than alcohol - Different types of drug affect your skills in different ways

Alcohol: Administrative License Suspension - Hundreds of state laws targeting alcohol-impaired driving were enacted during the early 1980s, and among those shown to be the most effective are administrative license suspension (ALS) laws.

DUI FAQ - Brief summary of the legal terms regarding driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Alcohol: Deterrence and Enforcement - A question and answer session.

Gaze Nystagmus

DWI Field Sobriety Testing: Fact and Fiction. Field sobriety testing for DWI is a crucial element in DWI prosecution and defense.


Nystagmus Network

American Nystagmus Network

Drunk Driving Organizations

Mothers Against Drunk Driving looks for solutions to drunk driving and underage drinking. Read related news, MADD's stance on public policy, and find a local chapter.

Century Council - Group funded by American distillers to fight drunk driving and underage drinking.

National Group Rides and Designated Drivers - Collegiate safe ride programs nationwide to prevent drunk-driving.

Auto Safety Group - Organization that works to improve highway safety by lobbying Congress to pass critical legislation, monitoring the Department of Transportation and more.

Citizens Against Drunk Driving - A Nevada grassroots non-profit organization dedicated to stopping the violent crime of driving under the influence and assisting innocent victims of this crime

Drinking Drivers Defense Network - National network of DUI/DWI attorneys, ways to avoid a DUI conviction, blood alcohol chart, myths about defending accused drunk drivers.

DWI Victims Panel - Panel of DUI victims share stories and explain how their lives have been impacted by drunk driving. Held regularly throughout Oregon and Washington, audience includes recent offenders, peace officers, and the ...

National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. - National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. – is a voluntary health organization dedicated to fighting the Nation’s #1 health problem – alcoholism and drug addiction and the devastating consequences of alcohol and other drugs on individuals, families, and communities.

National Drunk Driving Defense Task Force - Lawyers who have successfully defended DUI and drunk driving cases and exhibit the desire, skill in defending drunk driving cases.

Sobriety Test Ruled a "Search"

The Oregon Supreme Court has ruled that a field sobriety test administered to a motorist constituted a "search." However, the court found that in this case the search was reasonable, as the officer giving the test had probable cause to suspect that the individual was driving under the influence (State v. Nagel, Ore. SupCt., No. S40605, Sept. 9, 1994, 56 CrL 1004).

Jeffrey Nagel was stopped by a police officer because one headlight was broken on Nagel's car. The officer suspected Nagel had been drinking and administered sobriety tests (counting backwards, walking toe to heel in a line, etc.). After Nagel failed several of the tests, he was arrested for driving under the influence. The court found that:

By requiring the defendant to perform a series of unusual maneuvers and acts, the officer was able to detect certain aspects of the defendant's physical and psychological condition that were not detectable through simple observation by any member of the public or a police officer located in a public place. ... Assuming that they [the sobriety tests] were [searches], however, probable cause and exigent circumstances existed.
Nagel argued that the tests constituted a 'search' and violated his right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures.

Not finding what you are looking for?

The ARC Network is continually searching the Internet and other data sources to bring you the most accurate and fresh data available. As we continually build this area of our web site we would like to hear your suggestions for research topics and helpful web site links. Simply contact us via email or phone and we will review your suggestions.

Join the ARC Network for access to additional research material

Members of the ARC Network have access to the members only portal web site that contains the following additional research information:

  • Vehicle Specifications Online Database
  • Crash Stiffness Online Database
  • Online Equation Solver
  • Motorcycle Specifications Online Database
  • Article Library

For more information about joining as a member of the ARC Network. Please visit the Membership Section.


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